Energy efficiency and renewables have received increasing attention as Tunisia embarks on an energy transition process as part of its sustainable economic and social development strategy. Key goals include reducing primary energy demand by 30% compared to a business-as-usual scenario and increasing the contribution of renewables in electricity production to 30% by 2030. This assessment from IRENA, prepared in collaboration with the National Agency for Energy Conservation (ANME) and the Ministry of Industry, Energy and Mines, identifies the main opportunities and challenges faced by Tunisia in meeting these goals.